Simla is a statutory town in Elbert County, Colorado, United States. It is 48 miles (77 km) northeast of Colorado Springs. The population was 618 at the 2010 United States Census.
Simla is located in southern Elbert County at 39°8′27″N 104°4′58″W / 39.14083°N 104.08278°W / 39.14083; -104.08278 (39.140746, -104.082836). It lies to the south of Big Sandy Creek, an east-flowing tributary of the Arkansas River. U.S. Route 24 passes through the town, leading southwest to Colorado Springs and northeast 24 miles (39 km) to Limon.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Simla has a total area of 0.54 square miles (1.4 km), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 663 people, 233 households, and 171 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,222.3 people per square mile (474.0/km²). There were 261 housing units at an average density of 481.2 per square mile (186.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.27% White, 0.45% African American, 1.96% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 1.21% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.62% of the population.
There were 233 households out of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the town, the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,382, and the median income for a family was $31,953. Males had a median income of $28,250 versus $21,458 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,099. About 10.3% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.0% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.