Gypsum is a home rule municipality in Eagle County, Colorado, United States. The population was 6,477 in 2010. Gypsum is the home of an American Gypsum drywall plant and mine.
Gypsum is located in western Eagle County at 39°38′40″N 106°56′25″W / 39.64444°N 106.94028°W / 39.64444; -106.94028 (39.644499, -106.940232), in the valley of the Eagle River, a west-flowing tributary of the Colorado River. U.S. Route 6 passes through the center of town, leading east (upriver) 7 miles (11 km) to Eagle, the county seat. Interstate 70 runs along the northern edge of Gypsum, with access from Exit 140. I-70 leads east 133 miles (214 km) to Denver and west 110 miles (180 km) to Grand Junction.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.7 square miles (20.0 km), of which 0.04 square miles (0.1 km), or 0.68%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,654 people, 1,150 households, and 917 families residing in the town. The population density was 992.8 people per square mile (383.4/km²). There were 1,210 housing units at an average density of 328.8 per square mile (127.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 81.28% White, 0.16% African American, 1.31% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 15.00% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.31% of the population.
There were 1,150 households out of which 51.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.8% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.2% were non-families. 12.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.47.
In the town, the population was spread out with 33.1% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 38.7% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 2.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $59,671, and the median income for a family was $62,384. Males had a median income of $40,139 versus $29,764 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,790. About 4.4% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.