Crowley County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,823. The county seat is Ordway.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 800 square miles (2,100 km), of which 787 square miles (2,040 km) is land and 13 square miles (34 km) (1.6%) is water. Lake Meredith, which lies south of Ordway and Sugar City, is the largest of several lakes in the county.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,518 people, 1,358 households, and 957 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 1,542 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.95% White, 7.05% Black or African American, 2.59% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.77% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. 22.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,358 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county, the population was spread out with 18.80% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 39.60% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 205.40 males (this is the highest of any U.S. county/parish in 2000). For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 240.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,803, and the median income for a family was $32,162. Males had a median income of $20,813 versus $21,920 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,836. About 15.20% of families and 18.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.60% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over. More recent data, published in 2011, estimated that 48.1 percent of the county’s residents lived in poverty, and of 3,197 counties ranked by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011 for “estimated percent of people of all ages in poverty”, Crowley was second.
Census data for Crowley county includes 1,955 prisoners. The prison population is 19.23% Black, and 24.35% Hispanic. Without the prisoners, Crowley County would be 86.72% White, 0.36% Black, and 21.55% Hispanic. As a percentage of its population, Crowley County has more of its Census population in prison than any other county in the country.