Colorado (/ˌkɒləˈrædoʊ, -ˈrɑːdoʊ/ (listen), other variants) is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,695,564 on July 1, 2018, an increase of 13.25% since the 2010 United States Census.
Colorado is notable for its diverse geography, which includes alpine mountains, high plains, deserts with huge sand dunes, and deep canyons. In 1861, the United States Congress defined the boundaries of the new Territory of Colorado exclusively by lines of latitude and longitude, stretching from 37°N to 41°N latitude, and from 102°02’48″W to 109°02’48″W longitude (25°W to 32°W from the Washington Meridian). After 158 years of government surveys, the borders of Colorado are now officially defined by 697 boundary markers and 697 straight boundary lines. Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah are the only states that have their borders defined solely by straight boundary lines with no natural features. The southwest corner of Colorado is the Four Corners Monument at 36°59’56″N, 109°2’43″W. This border separating Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah is the only place in the United States where four states meet.
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Colorado was 5,695,564 on July 1, 2018, a 13.25% increase since the 2010 United States Census. Colorado’s most populous city and capital, is Denver. The Greater Denver Metropolitan Area, with an estimated 2017 population of 3,515,374, is considered the largest metropolitan area within the state and is found within the larger Front Range Urban Corridor, home to around 5,000,000 people.
The largest increases are expected in the Front Range Urban Corridor, especially in the Denver metropolitan area. The state’s fastest-growing counties are Douglas and Weld. The center of population of Colorado is located just north of the village of Critchell in Jefferson County.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Colorado had a population of 5,029,196. Racial composition of the state’s population was:
People of Hispanic and Latino American (of any race made) heritage made up 20.7% of the population. According to the 2000 Census, the largest ancestry groups in Colorado are German (22%) including of Swiss and Austrian nationalities, Mexican (18%), Irish (12%), and English (12%). Persons reporting German ancestry are especially numerous in the Front Range, the Rockies (west-central counties), and Eastern parts/High Plains.
Colorado has a high proportion of Hispanic, mostly Mexican-American, citizens in Metropolitan Denver, Colorado Springs, as well as the smaller cities of Greeley and Pueblo, and elsewhere. Southern, Southwestern, and Southeastern Colorado has a large number of Hispanos, the descendants of the early Mexican settlers of colonial Spanish origin. In 1940, the Census Bureau reported Colorado’s population as 8.2% Hispanic and 90.3% non-Hispanic white. The Hispanic population of Colorado has continued to grow quickly over the past decades. By 2012, Hispanics made up 21% of Colorado’s population, and Non-Hispanic Whites made up 69%. Spoken English in Colorado has many Spanish idioms.
Colorado also has some large African-American communities located in Denver, in the neighborhoods of Montbello, Five Points, Whittier, and many other East Denver areas. A relatively large population of African Americans are also found in Colorado Springs on the east and southeast side of the city. The state has sizable numbers of Asian-Americans of Mongolian, Chinese, Filipino, Korean, Southeast Asian, and Japanese descent. The highest population of Asian Americans can be found on the south and southeast side of Denver, as well as some on Denver’s southwest side. The Denver metropolitan area is considered more liberal and diverse than much of the state when it comes to political issues and environmental concerns.
There were a total of 70,331 births in Colorado in 2006. (Birth rate of 14.6 per thousand.) In 2007, non-Hispanic whites were involved in 59.1% of all the births. Some 14.06% of those births involved a non-Hispanic white person and someone of a different race, most often with a couple including one Hispanic. A birth where at least one Hispanic person was involved counted for 43% of the births in Colorado. As of the 2010 Census, Colorado has the seventh highest percentage of Hispanics (20.7%) in the U.S. behind New Mexico (46.3%), California (37.6%), Texas (37.6%), Arizona (29.6%), Nevada (26.5%), and Florida (22.5%). Per the 2000 census, the Hispanic population is estimated to be 918,899 or approximately 20% of the state total population. Colorado has the 5th-largest population of Mexican-Americans, behind California, Texas, Arizona, and Illinois. In percentages, Colorado has the 6th-highest percentage of Mexican-Americans, behind New Mexico, California, Texas, Arizona, and Nevada.
In 2011, 46% of Colorado’s population younger than the age of one were minorities, meaning that they had at least one parent who was not non-Hispanic white.
Note: Births in table don’t add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.
In 2017, Colorado recorded the second-lowest fertility rate in the United States outside of New England, after Oregon, at 1.63 children per woman. Significant, contributing factors to the decline in pregnancies were the Title X Family Planning Program and an Intrauterine device grant from Warren Buffett’s family.
Spanish is the second-most spoken language in Colorado, after English. There is one Native Coloradan language still spoken in Colorado, Colorado River Numic (Ute).
Major religious affiliations of the people of Colorado are 64% Christian, of whom there are 44% Protestant, 16% Roman Catholic, 3% Mormon, and 1% Eastern Orthodox. Other religious breakdowns are 1% Jewish, 1% Muslim, 1% Buddhist and 4% other. The religiously unaffiliated make up 29% of the population.
The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 were the Catholic Church with 811,630; non-denominational Evangelical Protestants with 229,981; and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 151,433.
According to several studies, Coloradans have the lowest rates of obesity of any state in the US. As of 2007, 18% of the population was considered medically obese, and while the lowest in the nation, the percentage had increased from 17% in 2004. According to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association, residents of Colorado had a 2014 life expectancy of 80.21 years, the longest of any U.S. state.
Zip Code Map
Colorado neighborhoods include: Agate, Alamosa, Allenspark, Almont, Antonito, Arapahoe, Arboles, Arvada, Aspen, Atwood, Ault, Aurora, Austin, Avon, Avondale, Bailey, Basalt, Bayfield, Beaver Creek, Bedrock, Bellvue, Bennett, Berthoud, Bethune, Beulah, Black Hawk, Blanca, Bond, Boone, Boulder, Breckenridge, Briggsdale, Brighton, Broomfield, Buena Vista, Buffalo Creek, Burlington, Burns, Byers, Cahone, Calhan, Canon City, Carbondale, Carr, Cascade, Castle Rock, Cedaredge, Centennial, Center, Cherry Hills Village, Cheyenne Wells, Chromo, Cimarron, Clark, Clifton, Coalmont, Collbran, Colorado City, Colorado Springs, Commerce City, Conifer, Cordillera, Cortez, Cotopaxi, Craig, Crawford, Creede, Crested Butte, Cripple Creek, Crook, Dacono, De Beque, Deer Trail, Del Norte, Delta, Denver, Dillon, Dinosaur, Divide, Dolores, Dove Creek, Drake, Dumont, Durango, Eagle, Eaton, Eckert, Edgewater, Edwards, Egnar, Elbert, Elizabeth, El Jebel, Empire, Englewood, Erie, Estes Park, Evans, Evergreen, Fairplay, Firestone, Flagler, Fleming, Florence, Florissant, Fort Collins, Fort Garland, Fort Lupton, Fort Morgan, Fountain, Fowler, Franktown, Fraser, Frederick, Frisco, Fruita, Gardner, Gateway, Georgetown, Gill, Glade Park, Glenwood Springs, Golden, Granada, Granby, Grand Junction, Grand Lake, Granite, Greeley, Greenwood Village, Grover, Gunnison, Gypsum, Hamilton, Hartman, Hartsel, Haswell, Haxtun, Hayden, Henderson, Hesperus, Highlands Ranch, Holly, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Hot Sulphur Springs, Howard, Hudson, Idaho Springs, Ignacio, Iliff, Jamestown, Johnstown, Keenesburg, Kersey, Kiowa, Kit Carson, Kremmling, Lafayette, La Jara, Lake George, Lakewood, Lamar, Laporte, Larkspur, La Salle, La Veta, Lewis, Limon, Littleton, Livermore, Lochbuie, Loma, Lone Tree, Longmont, Louisville, Loveland, Lyons, Mack, Mancos, Manitou Springs, Matheson, Maybell, Mc Coy, Mead, Meeker, Meredith, Merino, Mesa, Milliken, Minturn, Moffat, Monarch, Monte Vista, Montrose, Monument, Morrison, Mosca, Nathrop, Naturita, Nederland, New Castle, New Raymer, Niwot, Northglenn, Norwood, Nucla, Nunn, Oak Creek, Ohio City, Olathe, Olney Springs, Ophir, Orchard, Otis, Ouray, Padroni, Pagosa Springs, Palisade, Palmer Lake, Paonia, Parachute, Parker, Parlin, Parshall, Peetz, Penrose, Peyton, Pierce, Pine, Pitkin, Placerville, Platteville, Pleasant View, Poncha Springs, Powderhorn, Pueblo, Pueblo West, Ramah, Rangely, Red Cliff, Red Feather Lakes, Redstone, Redvale, Ridgway, Rifle, Roggen, Rush, Rye, Saguache, Salida, Sanford, San Luis, San Pablo, Sedalia, Seibert, Severance, Silt, Silver Plume, Silverthorne, Simla, Slater, Snowmass, Snowmass Village, Somerset, South Fork, Steamboat Springs, Sterling, Stoneham, Strasburg, Stratton, Superior, Tabernash, Telluride, Thornton, Toponas, Towaoc, Trinidad, U S A F Academy, Vail, Villa Grove, Virginia Dale, Vona, Walsenburg, Ward, Watkins, Wellington, Westcliffe, Westminster, Wetmore, Wheat Ridge, Whitewater, Wiggins, Wiley, Windsor, Winter Park, Wolcott, Woodland Park, Yellow Jacket, Yoder
For more information, see Colorado wiki